R2A Blog

February 22, 2022
SFAIRP not equivalent to ALARP

The idea that SFAIRP (so far as is reasonably practicable) is not equivalent to ALARP (as low as reasonably practicable) was discussed in Richard Robinson’s article in the January 2014 edition of Engineers Australia Magazine generates commentary to the effect that major organisations like Standards Australia, NOPSEMA and the UK Health & Safety Executive say that it is. The following review considers each briefly. This is an extract from the 2014 update of the R2A Text (Section 15.3).

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October 11, 2021
SFAIRP Land Use Planning

One of the little recognised consequences of the use of SFAIRP is its implications for land use planning, particularly for industries that can have significant offsite consequences like major hazards facilities (MHFs), dams and licensed pipelines. The whole point of the WHS legislation is to avoid unreasonably injuring your neighbour. As the Brisbane born English […]

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October 11, 2021
Due Diligence and Risk Timelines

When you know there are problems but have insufficient resources to fix them all at once… During a recent discussion with a client, the topic of risk timelines came up and I realised that although we use it as a background concept in much of our work we haven’t articulated it in our textbooks or […]

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July 19, 2021
Environmental Protection now SFAIRP

A while back, R2A had a blog entitled Precaution v Precaution wherein we wondered how the precautionary principle (derived from the 1992 Rio Convention) enunciated in the then Environmental Protection Act in Victoria compared to the SFAIRP approach of OHS/WHS legislation. Well, we have the answer! In Victoria at any rate. From 1 July 2021, […]

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May 4, 2021
Why Hazops fail the SFAIRP test & why this is important

R2A recently presented a free webinar; Why Hazops fail the SFAIRP test. It is one of the more frequently asked questions we receive as Due Diligence Engineers. Hazops are a commonly used risk management technique, especially in the process industries. In some ways the name has become generic; in the sense that many use it […]

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February 3, 2021
Why R2A does the work we do: People as an ends, not means & Making a Difference

Last year’s extended Covid 19 lockdown in Victoria meant many in business reviewed what they do, how they do it and, ultimately, why they do it. R2A, as a small firm of consulting engineers, has always had a business view that has seemed a little different to many we encounter. Whist we understand the need […]

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December 16, 2020
Why Due Diligence is now a 'Categorical Imperative'

The adoption of the model WHS legislation in Australasia is now practically complete with the passing of the act by the Western Australian parliament.  Whilst yet to be proclaimed, the WA version includes criminal manslaughter provisions with a maximum penalty of 20 years for individuals. Victoria is now formally the only state not to have […]

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October 7, 2020
The Laws of Man vs The Laws of Nature & Safety Due Diligence

One of the odder confusions that R2A happens upon is the proposition that the laws of man are always paramount in all circumstances. It seems to occur most often with persons who work exclusively in the financial sector. From an engineering perspective, this is just plain wrong. When dealing with the natural material spacetime universe, […]

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July 20, 2020
Criminal Manslaughter - Australian paradigm shift for engineers & standards

The rise of criminal manslaughter provisions in health and safety legislation, coupled with the registration of engineers in Queensland, New South Wales and Victoria, heralds a paradigm shift for engineers and the role of standards in Australian jurisdictions. On July 2020, Victoria commenced the criminal manslaughter provisions of the 2004 OHS Act. Quoting the premier: […]

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May 1, 2020
The importance of Safety Due Diligence: Keeping directors out of jail

Coroner's Finding into Dreamworld Thunder River Rapids The death of four young people at Dreamworld in the Thunder River Rapids in October 2016 has brought the prospect of criminal prosecution of Directors for safety failures to the fore, or, as we say, Safety Due Diligence. Press reports have indicated that the Queensland Government has accepted […]

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